Document Detail

Impact of the Gubbio population study on community control of blood pressure and hypertension. Gubbio Study Research Group.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11393665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Awareness and treatment of hypertension have markedly increased in the last 30 years in most parts of the world, but a satisfactory control of blood pressure is still infrequent OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in community control of hypertension and blood pressure levels in the small town of Gubbio, Italy. METHODS: Large samples of the populations (aged 30-79 years) were examined 6 years apart for measurement of blood pressure, other cardiovascular risk factors and knowledge, attitude and practice towards control of hypertension. Data were available from a total of 1125 men and 1445 women with two examinations and 1566 men and 1658 women with at least one examination. Two different definitions of hypertension were used (old definition: systolic blood pressure (SBP) > or = 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > or = 95 mmHg or use of antihypertensive drugs; recent definition: SBP > or = 140 mmHg or DBP > or =90 mmHg or use of anti-hypertensive drugs). RESULTS: Awareness, treatment and control of hypertension increased from one survey to the other, whatever definition of hypertension was used. Control rose from 41 to 63% (old definition) and from 12 to 24% (recent definition). In a 6-year period, the average population SBP declined 2-8 mmHg and DBP declined 2-3 mmHg depending on type of analysis, against an expected rise of 9 mmHg for SBP and 2 mmHg for DBP. These trends are partly explained by a marked decline in alcohol consumption and by more common and intensive anti-hypertensive treatment, while change in body mass index, which showed a slight but systematic increase, cannot be considered as a contributor to this trend. CONCLUSIONS: An epidemiological study has motivated a population group and its medical profession towards a better control of hypertension.
A Menotti; M Lanti; A Zanchetti; P E Puddu; M Cirillo; M Mancini; O T Vagnarelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-06     Completed Date:  2001-10-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Association for Cardiac Research, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Cohort Studies
Community Medicine / methods*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Hypertension / epidemiology,  etiology,  physiopathology*,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Risk Factors

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