Document Detail

Impact of geometry optimization on base-base stacking interaction energies in the canonical A- and B-forms of DNA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23343365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Base stacking is known to make an important contribution to the stability of DNA and RNA, and accordingly, significant efforts are ongoing to calculate stacking energies using ab initio quantum mechanical methods. To date, impressive improvements have been made in the model chemistries used to perform stacking energy calculations, including extensions that include robust treatments of electron correlation with extended basis sets, as required to treat interactions where dispersion makes a significant contribution. However, those efforts typically use rigid monomer geometries when calculating the interaction energies. To overcome this, in the present work, we describe a novel internal coordinate definition that allows the relative, intermolecular orientation of stacked base monomers to be constrained during geometry optimizations while allowing full optimization of the intramolecular degrees of freedom. Use of the novel reference frame to calculate the impact of full geometry optimization versus constraining the bases to be planar on base monomer stacking energies, combined with density-fitted, spin-component scaling MP2 treatment of electron correlation, shows that full optimization makes the average stacking energy more favorable by -3.4 and -1.5 kcal/mol for the canonical A and B conformations of the 16 5' to 3' base stacked monomers. Thus, treatment of geometry optimization impacts the stacking energies to an extent similar to or greater than the impact of current state of the art increases in the rigor of the model chemistry itself used to treat base stacking. Results also indicate that stacking favors the B-form of DNA, though the average difference versus the A-form decreases from -2.6 to -0.6 kcal/mol when the intramolecular geometry is allowed to fully relax. However, stacking involving cytosine is shown to favor the A-form of DNA, with that contribution generally larger in the fully optimized bases. The present results show the importance of allowing geometry optimization, as well as properly treating the appropriate model chemistry, in studies of nucleic acid base stacking.
Ashley Ringer McDonald; Elizabeth J Denning; Alexander D MacKerell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-02-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physical chemistry. A     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1520-5215     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Chem A     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-21     Completed Date:  2013-08-20     Revised Date:  2014-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9890903     Medline TA:  J Phys Chem A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1560-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
DNA, A-Form / chemistry*
DNA, B-Form / chemistry*
Models, Molecular*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, A-Form; 0/DNA, B-Form

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