Document Detail


Impact of Food-Related Environmental Factors on the Adherence and Biofilm Formation of Natural Staphylococcus aureus Isolates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23064971     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogenic bacterium capable of developing biofilms on food-processing surfaces, a pathway leading to cross contamination of foods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of environmental stress factors found during seafood production on the adhesion and biofilm-forming properties of S. aureus. Adhesion and biofilm assays were performed on 26 S. aureus isolated from seafood and two S. aureus reference strains (ATCC 6538 and ATCC 43300). Cell surface properties were evaluated by affinity measurements to solvents in a partitioning test, while adhesion and biofilm assays were performed in polystyrene microplates under different stress conditions of temperature, osmolarity, and nutrient content. The expression of genes implicated in the regulation of biofilm formation (icaA, rbf and σ( B )) was analyzed by reverse transcription and quantitative real time PCR. In general, S. aureus isolates showed moderate hydrophobic properties and a marked Lewis-base character. Initial adhesion to polystyrene was positively correlated with the ionic strength of the growth medium. Most of the strains had a higher biofilm production at 37 °C than at 25 °C, promoted by the addition of glucose, whereas NaCl and MgCl(2) had a lower impact markedly affected by incubation temperatures. Principal Component Analysis revealed a considerable variability in adhesion and biofilm-forming properties between S. aureus isolates. Transcriptional analysis also indicated variations in gene expression between three characteristic isolates under different environmental conditions. These results suggested that the prevalence of S. aureus strains on food-processing surfaces is above all conditioned by the ability to adapt to the environmental stress conditions present during food production. These findings are relevant for food safety and may be of importance when choosing the safest environmental conditions and material during processing, packaging, and storage of seafood products.
Authors:
Daniel Vázquez-Sánchez; Olivier Habimana; Askild Holck
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0991     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7808448     Medline TA:  Curr Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Seafood Microbiology and Technology Section, Marine Research Institute, Eduardo Cabello 6, Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, danielvazquezsanchez@gmail.com.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Serological Analysis by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Using Recombinant Antigen LipL32 for the D...
Next Document:  The Gluconeogenic Pathway in a Soil Mycobacterium Isolate with Bioremediation Ability.