Document Detail


Impact of the economic crisis and increase in food prices on child mortality: exploring nutritional pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19923384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current economic crisis and food price increase may have a widespread impact on the nutritional and health status of populations, especially in the developing world. Gains in child survival over the past few decades are likely to be threatened and millennium development goals will be harder to achieve. Beyond starvation, which is one of the causes of death in famine situations, there are numerous nutritional pathways by which childhood mortality can increase. These include increases in childhood wasting and stunting, intrauterine growth restriction, and micronutrient deficiencies such as that of vitamin A, iron, and zinc when faced with a food crisis and decreased food availability. These pathways are elucidated and described. Although estimates of the impact of the current crisis on child mortality are yet to be made, data from previous economic crises provide evidence of an increase in childhood mortality that we review. The current situation also emphasizes that there are vast segments of the world's population living in a situation of chronic food insecurity that are likely to be disproportionately affected by an economic crisis. Nutritional and health surveillance data are urgently needed in such populations to monitor both the impacts of a crisis and of interventions. Addressing the nutritional needs of children and women in response to the present crisis is urgent. But, ensuring that vulnerable populations are also targeted with known nutritional interventions at all times is likely to have a substantial impact on child mortality.
Authors:
Parul Christian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  140     ISSN:  1541-6100     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-21     Completed Date:  2010-01-21     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177S-81S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. pchristi@jhsph.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Economics / trends*
Female
Food Supply / economics*
Humans
Nutrition Assessment*
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