Document Detail


Impact of BSE on livestock production system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14535367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The small number of BSE cases diagnosed in Italy from January 2001 to 12 September 2001 (a total of 28, one every 9000 head) does not allow for a statistical analysis of the relationship between this disease and the livestock systems. However, some indications can be noted: (a) only dairy cattle, which represent three-quarters of the cattle raised in Italy, are involved; (b) 58% of the cases belong to medium-large farms that breed 27% of all head; (c) 13 out of 28 cases are 5-year-old animals and 26 out of 28 are between 5 and 7 years of age; (d) 15 of 28 cases come from Lombardia, where 27% of Italian dairy cattle are raised. The following factors may have affected the livestock system: (1) trends of beef meat consumption; (2) changes in livestock management; (3) changes in animal feeding; (4) possible effects on selection. A strong decline in beef meat consumption (4 kg/year) has been observed in the UK and other European countries since 1996 (the year of the discovery of the relationship between BSE and nvCJD). In Italy, from January 2001 the consumption of beef meat has declined as well as slaughter: a drop of 31% in the total slaughtered head in the period January-February, a drop of 14% in January-May. A fall in the price of calves has promoted, in some dairy farms, the start of the production of light beef less than one year old (advantages in the marketing of meat favour this initiative), a phenomenon which is not yet well established. Traceability and certification of meat have improved, thanks to breeders' associations and interprofessional agreements. The breeders associations have also started insurance initiatives against BSE risks. In Italy the employment of plant protein meals would increase the total feedstuff consumption by about 7%. Direct effects of BSE could slow down the genetic progress (GP) of cattle populations within breed and country. Indirect effects on GP may also happen as a consequence of an increase in the replacement rate (rr). This increase in rr reduced the generation interval and will therefore proportionally increase GP. Some important questions for the livestock production system are: Does the vertical transmission of BSE exist? Is there a genetic basis favouring the disease and is it inheritable? Are in vivo diagnostic tests possible? Are vaccination schemes against BSE possible and useful or is it better to pursue eradication?
Authors:
A Nardone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary research communications     Volume:  27 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0165-7380     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Res. Commun.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-10     Completed Date:  2003-11-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100520     Medline TA:  Vet Res Commun     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tuscia, Via S. Camillo de Lellis, 01100 Viterbo, Italy. Nardone@unitus.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Domestic*
Cattle / classification
Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Europe / epidemiology
Female
Food Habits
Great Britain / epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Italy / epidemiology
Meat
Parity
Species Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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