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The Impact of Atrial Fibrillation Ablation on Left Atrial Function: Association with Baseline Left Atrial Function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22150125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: The effect of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation on left atrial (LA) function has not been sufficiently determined. Methods: We enrolled 115 consecutive patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF that underwent AF ablation. Multidetector computed tomography was performed in sinus rhythm before and 3 months after ablation to evaluate LA volume (LAV) and function. Estimates of maximum and minimum LAV were used to calculate LA emptying fraction (LAEF) ([maximum-minimum LAV]/maximum LAV × 100). Results: AF ablation significantly decreased maximum LAV (59.0 ± 20.4 to 53.3 ± 16.7 cm(3) , P = 0.001), and maintained LAEF (44.5 ± 13.1% to 43.7 ± 10.9%, P = 0.49). The larger the baseline maximum LAV, the greater the decrease in LAV after ablation, and a smaller baseline LAEF was associated with a larger recovery of LAEF after ablation (regression coefficient =-0.45 and -0.56, respectively, P < 0.0001). Multivariable analyses revealed that an impaired baseline LAEF was an independent predictor of an improvement in LA function (an increase in LAEF of >10%; odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, P < 0.0001), while an older age and preserved baseline LAEF were independently associated with a deterioration of LA function (a decrease in LAEF of >10%; OR = 1.06, P = 0.03; and OR = 1.10, P = 0.0001). Conclusions: AF ablation appears to have a beneficial effect on LA function in patients with impaired LA function at baseline. However, it may reduce LA function in patients with an older age and preserved baseline LAEF. (PACE 2011;1-8).
Authors:
Masaharu Masuda; Koichi Inoue; Katsuomi Iwakura; Atsunori Okamura; Yasushi Koyama; Ryusuke Kimura; Yuko Toyoshima; Norihisa Ito; Issei Komuro; Kenshi Fujii
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2011, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita-shi, Osaka, Japan.
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