Document Detail


Impact of Antarctica winters on vital parameters and anthropometric variables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23523509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: We studied the variations in vital parameters and anthropometric variables in Antarctica to identify the effect of extreme weather and isolation on the vital parameters and adipose tissue distribution in humans.
METHODS: A descriptive observational cohort study on three vital parameters and nine anthropometric measurements was conducted among the 26 winter team members of the 27th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica. The parameters were evaluated in March, May and July 2008. The data was analyzed for: (1) undivided team, (2) groups based on physical activity levels, and (3) groups based on age. Intergroup variations were analyzed.
RESULTS: The diastolic blood pressure of the undivided team fell significantly during the study. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure of non-convoy team decreased but the systolic blood pressure of the convoy team increased. The pulse rate of the two physical activity groups increased. No significant changes were observed in rest of the vital parameters and any of the anthropometric variables.
CONCLUSION: The blood pressure of the expedition members may show unpredictable changes. But in a modern day Antarctic station, no significant variations in body fat are observed. Though the stress factors have been mitigated in Antarctica to a large extent, they might still be substantial. Quantification of the impact of such factors is difficult.
Authors:
Abhijeet Bhatia; Ranabir Pal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-03-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Travel medicine and infectious disease     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1873-0442     ISO Abbreviation:  Travel Med Infect Dis     Publication Date:    2013 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-04     Completed Date:  2014-03-19     Revised Date:  2014-07-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230758     Medline TA:  Travel Med Infect Dis     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  170-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization / physiology*
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Antarctic Regions
Anthropometry
Body Fat Distribution
Cohort Studies
Expeditions / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Seasons*
Vital Signs / physiology*
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2013 Sep-Oct;11(5):333

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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