Document Detail


Impact of the 1994 alcohol production and sales deregulation policy on traffic crashes and fatalities in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21527435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: . Many studies have demonstrated a strong relationship between alcohol availability and traffic crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of the impact of alcohol availability on the Japanese population by comparing fatal and nonfatal motor vehicle crash rates before and after implementation of the alcohol deregulation policy in 1994. Participants and method. Poisson regression with robust standard error was used to model the before-to-after change in incidence rate ratios (IRRs) in the population. To control for potential confounders, per capita alcohol consumption, unemployment rate, and vehicle miles travelled (VMT) were also added to the model. The exponents of the fitted coefficients are equivalent to the IRRs.
RESULTS: . Implementation of the policy deregulating alcohol sales and production did not appear to increase traffic fatalities and other traffic crashes in Japan. In the overall study results, nighttime fatalities were reduced statistically significantly by 6% since the implementation of the alcohol deregulation policy in 1994. Discussion. Contrary to previous research, the findings of this study demonstrated lower rates of fatalities and higher compliance with alcohol-related driving legislation. Further well-designed, nonaligned studies on alcohol availability and traffic fatalities in other countries are urgently needed.
Authors:
Ediriweera Desapriya; Takeo Fujiwara; Namrata Dutt; Neil Arason; Ian Pike
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1941-2479     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-24     Completed Date:  2013-02-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708538     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Public Health     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  776-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
British Columbia Injury Research and Prevention Unit, Vancouver, BC, Canada. edesap@cw.bc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*,  statistics & numerical data*
Alcoholic Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
Commerce / legislation & jurisprudence*
Databases, Factual
Government Regulation*
Humans
Japan / epidemiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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