Document Detail


Impact of the 1970 legal BAC 0.05 mg% limit legislation on drunk-driver-involved traffic fatalities, accidents, and DWI in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9869442     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Official statistics of motor vehicle fatality data have indicated that alcohol involvement in fatal crashes has declined substantially in Japan since 1970. The national campaign against drunken driving in Japan provides a natural experiment in which to test the predictions of deterrence theory. Utilizing official data over the 1960-1995 period, we report conclusive evidence that 1970s legislation is having a measurable and long-term effect on alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities. Enactment of the lower legal blood alcohol limit with a combination of other severe sanctions has been more desirable in the prevention of alcohol-related fatalities in the long term as shown in this study. Further extensive research is necessary to investigate performance at the lower legal limit in other societies in order to inspire a strong "international lobby" to support the reduced legal blood alcohol limit for drivers all over the world, as there is no doubt that a reduction in alcohol-impaired driving will result in a substantial savings of human lives and resource worldwide.
Authors:
E B Deshapriya; N Iwase
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance use & misuse     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1082-6084     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Use Misuse     Publication Date:  1998 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-03-03     Completed Date:  1999-03-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602153     Medline TA:  Subst Use Misuse     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2757-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. deshapri@shakai.social.tsukuba.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / legislation & jurisprudence*
Automobile Driving / legislation & jurisprudence*
Ethanol / blood
Female
Humans
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends*
Public Policy*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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