Document Detail

Immunotoxic damage in floriculturists exposed to pesticide mixtures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The aim of the present work was to determine if the use of pesticide mixtures produced alterations in immunotoxicity biomarkers. The study was undertaken in three groups: the first group consisted of 38 floriculturists, the second comprised 38 vendors of the local market, and the last comprised 33 non-exposed persons from another locality. The determinations included haematocrit, mean cellular volume, hemoglobin, number of erythrocytes and leukocytes, immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM, and IgE), percentage of T-lymphocytes, and mitotic index from lymphocyte cultures with and without phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). The obtained results indicated the following: (i) in the level of the studied immunoglobulins, the results were within the reference values; (ii) there was a reduction in the amount of T-lymphocytes in the floriculturists in comparison with the determined in the other two groups; (iii) there was a decrease in the mitotic index of PHA-stimulated lymphocyte cultures of floriculturists and vendors in relation to the value of the control group; (iv) there was an increase in the mitotic index of unstimulated lymphocytes of floriculturists compared with the lymphocytes of the other two groups; and (v) there was no correlation between the results and the personal characteristics of the studied individuals. Our results established an immunotoxic effect in the floriculturists exposed to pesticides.
Julieta Castillo-Cadena; Ana Laura González-Mercado; Nancy Hernández-Caballero; Eduardo Ramírez-San Juan; Isela Alvarez-González; Eduardo Madrigal-Bujaidar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1532-4109     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health B     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7607167     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health B     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Laboratorio de Genética, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México , México.
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