Document Detail


Immunomodulation techniques in a pig-to-rat model of xenoislet transplantation to prolong graft survival.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17203779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pancreas allotransplantation can restore full metabolic control in patients with type I diabetes, but has several limitations. Pancreatic islet xenotransplantation (XiTx) is considered a reliable alternative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiation and a highly selective inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (AE-ITU) in a model of pig-to-rat XiTx. Thirty-five female rats were made diabetic by intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin. Pig pancreatic islets were obtained by enzymatic digestion followed by purification on Ficoll gradients. Approximately 4000 purified pig islet equivalents were placed under the left kidney capsule of the recipient rats. The rats were observed for 15 days and divided into five Groups (G): GI: controls, diabetic rats with no treatment; G2: XiTx; G3: XiTx after gamma-irradiation (20 Gy); G4: XiTx and administration of AE-ITU; G5: XiTx after gamma-irradiation and AE-ITU. Graft survival was defined as the maintenance of the glucose levels at less than 11 mmol/l and a normal response to i.v. glucose challenge. The graft survivals in Groups 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 4.1 +/- 1.8, 7.6 +/- 2.1, 7.6 +/- 2.4, and 10.9 +/- 2.3 days, respectively. The graft survival of G2 was significantly (p < 0.05) lower than the other groups, and the graft survival of G5 was significantly higher in respect of both G3 and G4 (log-rank test: p = 0.007). In conclusion, the combination of AE-ITU (to reduce the early inflammatory damage) and gamma-irradiation (to reduce the immunogenicity of the islets) may be considered an interesting option to prolong the euglycaemic period after XiTx.
Authors:
Sergio M Varotto; Stefano M M Basso; Mario Ermani; Daniele Bordin; Daniela Pizzuti; Franco Lumachi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  In vivo (Athens, Greece)     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0258-851X     ISO Abbreviation:  In Vivo     Publication Date:    2006 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-05     Completed Date:  2007-02-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806809     Medline TA:  In Vivo     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  857-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgical and Gastroenterological Sciences, University of Padua, School of Medicine, via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, Italy. sergio.varotto@unipd.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / chemically induced,  surgery
Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
Female
Gamma Rays
Glucose Tolerance Test
Graft Survival / drug effects*,  radiation effects*
Immunosuppression / methods*
Islets of Langerhans Transplantation / methods*
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Kidney / metabolism,  pathology
Male
Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Sus scrofa
Thiourea / analogs & derivatives,  therapeutic use
Transplantation, Heterologous
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/aminoethyl-isothiourea; 62-56-6/Thiourea; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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