Document Detail


Immunolocalization of pro- and mature-brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and receptor TrkB in the human brainstem and hippocampus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20673758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor TrkB are essential in promoting normal development of the central nervous system. Specific functions that are affected in knockout models include respiratory control, coordination of movement and balance, and feeding activities. The expression of these markers has not yet been studied in the human infant brain. This study provides a detailed account of the distribution and localization of both pro- and mature-recombinant human (rh) forms of BDNF, and of TrkB in the human infant brainstem and hippocampus, and qualitatively compares this expression to that seen in the human adult. Using commercially available antibodies, we applied immunohistochemistry on formalin fixed and paraffin embedded human brain tissue [n=8 for infant, n=6 for adult], and qualitatively analyzed the expression of proBDNF, rhBDNF and TrkB. Amongst the brainstem regions studied, the greatest expression of the markers was in the mesencephalic trigeminal of the pons, and in the medulla, the inferior olive and arcuate nucleus. The lowest expression was in the substantia nigra of the midbrain and pontine locus coeruleus. Compared to adults, all the studied markers had a higher expression in the infant brainstem nuclei of the hypoglossal, vestibular, dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, prepositus, cuneate, and dorsal raphe. In the hippocampus, only TrkB showed a higher expression in infants compared to adults. We conclude that BDNF and TrkB play important roles in controlling respiration, movement, balance and feeding in the brainstem and that the TrkB receptor is the most age-sensitive component of this system, especially in the hippocampus.
Authors:
Samantha Tang; Rita Machaalani; Karen A Waters
Related Documents :
3951898 - Comparison of in vivo 31p-mr spectra of the brain, liver, and kidney of adult and infan...
9359438 - Timing of insults causing abnormal outcome in preterm infants 1989-1992.
2717258 - Phosphorus metabolites and intracellular ph in the brains of normal and small for gesta...
9812418 - Astroglial reactions in periventricular white matter of maturing human brains.
8249068 - Infant disease patterns in northern cameroon.
18760808 - Blood cytokines during the perinatal period in very preterm infants: relationship of in...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  1354     ISSN:  1872-6240     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-06     Completed Date:  2011-01-03     Revised Date:  2011-08-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Blotting, Western
Brain Stem / metabolism*
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism*
Female
Hippocampus / metabolism*
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Receptor, trkB / metabolism*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R24 AA012725-12/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; EC 2.7.10.1/Receptor, trkB

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparison of the post-embolization effects of tissue-plasminogen activator and simvastatin on neuro...
Next Document:  Ameliorating effects of tropisetron on dopaminergic disruption of prepulse inhibition via the alpha(...