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Immunohistochemical search for viral and bacterial antigens in Crohn's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22537638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that diseased intestinal tissues of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) contain obstructed lymphatics, granulomas, and tertiary lymphoid organs, representing responses to persistent antigen. METHODS: Forty-seven tissue sections from 28 CD patients and 20 tissue sections from 17 control patients were studied. Tissues were immunostained with antibody directed against adenovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus I, parvovirus B19, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, and Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. RESULTS: There was no evidence of adenovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus B19, or M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis in the tissues. Clostridia were positively stained in the mucus of 18.5% of CD patients versus 35.3% of controls and in the tissue of 11.1% of CD patients but in no controls. Immunoreactivity to listeria antibody occurred in the mucus of 3.7% of CD patients and in 5.9% of controls while it occurred in the tissue of 37.0% of CD patients and 29.4% of controls. E. coli occurred in the mucus of 48.1% CD and 64.7% controls and in the tissue of 18.5% and 5.9% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of the agents demonstrated in this search, none was located in granulomas or inflamed lymphatics. Finding the common gut microbes, E. coli and clostridia, in the mucus of patients and controls was not unexpected. The minor focal staining of E. coli and clostridia does not suggest a primary role for these pathogens in CD. Positive staining for listeria in patients and controls may very well represent cross reactivity rather than specific identification.
Authors:
William S Magin; Herbert J Van Kruiningen; Jean-Frédéric Colombel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Crohn's & colitis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-4479     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101318676     Medline TA:  J Crohns Colitis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States.
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