Document Detail

Immunohistochemical localization of D: -aspartate oxidase in porcine peripheral tissues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20976510     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
D: -Aspartate (D: -Asp) is an endogenous substance in mammals. Degradation of D: -Asp is carried out only by D: -aspartate oxidase (DDO). We measured DDO activity in porcine tissues, and produced an anti-porcine DDO antibody to examine the cellular localization of DDO. All the tissues examined showed DDO activities, whereas the substrate D: -Asp was not detected in kidney cortex, liver, heart, and gastric mucosa. In the kidney, intensive immunohistochemical staining for DDO was found in the epithelial cells of the proximal tubules. In the liver, the epithelial cells of interlobular bile ducts, liver sinusoid-lining cells with cytoplasmic processes, and the smooth muscle cells of arterioles were strongly stained for DDO. In the heart, cardiomyocytes and the smooth muscle cells of arterioles showed DDO-immunoreactivity. In the gastric mucosa, only the chief cells were DDO-positive. These newly identified DDO-positive cells seem to actively degrade D: -Asp to prevent an excess of D: -Asp from exerting harmful effects on the respective functions of porcine tissues.
Atsushi Yamamoto; Hiroyuki Tanaka; Tetsuo Ishida; Kihachiro Horiike
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Amino acids     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1438-2199     ISO Abbreviation:  Amino Acids     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200312     Medline TA:  Amino Acids     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  529-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta, Ohtsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan.
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