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Immunohistochemical characteristics of suburothelial microvasculature in the mouse bladder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23314591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The morphological characteristics of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and their innervation of the suburothelial microvasculature of the mouse bladder were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Whole mount bladder mucosal preparations were immune-stained for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and/or neuronal markers and examined using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Suburothelial arterioles consisted of α-SMA-immunopositive circular smooth muscle cells, while the venular wall composed of α-SMA-positive SMCs that displayed several processes which extended from their cell bodies to form an extensive meshwork. In larger venules, a complex meshwork of stellate-shaped SMCs were observed. NG2 chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan-immunoreactive cell bodies of capillary pericytes were not immunoreactive for α-SMA. In the rat bladder suburothelial venules, circular SMCs were the dominant cell type expressing α-SMA-immunoreactivity. Since α-SMA-positive SMCs in suburothelial arterioles and venules in the mouse bladder had quite distinct morphologies, the innervation of both vessels could be examined by double labelling for α-SMA and various neuronal markers. Varicose nerve bundles immunoreactive for tyrosine hydroxylase (sympathetic nerves), choline acetyltransferase (cholinergic nerves) or substance P (primary afferent nerves) were all detected along side suburothelial arterioles. Single varicose nerve fibres positive for these three neuronal markers were also detected around the venules. Thus, whole mount preparations are useful when examining the morphology of α-SMA-positive SMCs of the microvasculature in the suburothelium of mouse bladder as well as their relationship with their innervations. In conclusion, arterioles and venules of the bladder suburothelium are the target of sympathetic, cholinergic and primary afferent nerve fibres.
Authors:
Retsu Mitsui; Hikaru Hashitani
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Histochemistry and cell biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-119X     ISO Abbreviation:  Histochem. Cell Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9506663     Medline TA:  Histochem Cell Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cell Physiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, 467-8601, Japan, mitsui@med.nagoya-cu.ac.jp.
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