Document Detail

Immunohistochemical analysis of markers for different macrophage phenotypes and their use for a forensic wound age estimation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7599096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A total of 117 vital skin wounds (post infliction intervals between a few seconds and 7 months), 20 postmortem wounds and skin specimens with beginning or advanced signs of putrefaction were investigated. Different markers for macrophage maturation (27 E 10, RM 3/1, 25 F 9, G 16/1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The early stage inflammation marker 27 E 10 stained macrophages, but also monocytes and neutrophilic granulocytes localized in blood vessels or bleeding induced postmortem and therefore provided no further information for a forensic wound age estimation in comparison to the routine histological detection of macrophages. The antigens recognized by the RM 3/1- (intermediate stage inflammation marker) and 25 F 9-antibodies (late stage inflammation marker) were expressed exclusively by histiocytes and inflammatory cells that had migrated from the blood vessels as part of the acute inflammatory response associated with an intravital reaction. The morphometrical analysis revealed positive results (defined as at least a two-fold increase in number in 2 or more microscope fields when compared to the maximum value of histiocytes found in uninjured skin) for the RM 3/1- or 25 F 9-antibody earliest in wounds aged 7 or 11 days, respectively. Similarly to the 25 F 9-antibody, the chronic stage inflammation marker (G 16/1) reacted with a macrophage subpopulation first detectable 12 days after wounding but showed positive results in a comparably reduced percentage of cases. On the other hand, this marker did not stain a relevant number of resident macrophages thus facilitating the evaluation of the specimens.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
P Betz; J Tübel; W Eisenmenger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of legal medicine     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0937-9827     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Legal Med.     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-08-07     Completed Date:  1995-08-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9101456     Medline TA:  Int J Legal Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Legal Medicine, University of Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Antigens, Differentiation / analysis*
Antigens, Surface / analysis
Biological Markers
Granulation Tissue / pathology
Inflammation / pathology
Macrophage Activation / physiology*
Macrophage-Activating Factors / analysis*
Macrophages / classification,  pathology*
Middle Aged
Postmortem Changes*
Skin / injuries*,  pathology
Wound Healing / physiology*
Wounds, Stab / pathology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, Differentiation; 0/Antigens, Surface; 0/Biological Markers; 0/Macrophage-Activating Factors

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