Document Detail


Immunoglobulins and other modalities for the prevention and treatment of enteric viral infections.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2081794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Viral infections of the gastrointestinal tract constitute a major health problem during the first years of life. In addition to causing acute diarrhea, rotaviruses and other enteric viruses may be involved in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis and other neonatal enteric diseases. There are several potential methods for the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal viral infections. Antiviral immune globulins, administered by the parenteral or oral route, might prove useful for the inhibition of intestinal viral replication. Alternatively, specific glycoprotein inhibitors of viral-cell binding might be used to prevent the productive infection of intestinal epithelial cells. In addition, since many enteric viruses require proteolytic enzymes for protein cleavage, protease inhibitors may prove to be effective agents for the inhibition of intestinal viral replication. At this point in time, these methods have proven useful for the inhibition of rotavirus infection in experimental animals. The successful application of these and other methods for the prevention of enteric infections in humans might substantially reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with enteric diseases.
Authors:
R Yolken; J Kinney; J Wilde; R Willoughby; J Eiden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical immunology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0271-9142     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  1990 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-09     Completed Date:  1991-05-09     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102137     Medline TA:  J Clin Immunol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  80S-86S; discussion 86S-87S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Gastrointestinal Diseases / epidemiology,  microbiology,  prevention & control*
Humans
Immunization, Passive*
Mucins / therapeutic use
Protease Inhibitors / therapeutic use
Rotavirus Infections / prevention & control
United States / epidemiology
Virus Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Mucins; 0/Protease Inhibitors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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