Document Detail


Immunoglobulin levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of children with chronic chest disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10821726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The concentration and distribution of immunoglobulin isotypes (IgG, IgM, sIgA) and IgG-subclass levels (IgG-1-4) were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in 47 children with chronic chest disease (age range 1.0-9.9 years) and 18 healthy controls (age range 1.0-6.25 years). Of these patients, 19 had nonallergic asthma (Group A), 19 suffered from recurrent pneumonia or chronic bronchitis (Group B), and 9 patients had IgG-2 deficiency (Group C). In all individuals, IgG was the predominant immunoglobulin in the lower respiratory tract, followed by IgA and IgM. In patients of Group A and B, IgG, IgM and IgA levels in BALF were significantly elevated when compared to controls. Assessment of IgG-subclass concentrations in BALF revealed that IgG-1 levels were increased in Group A and B when compared to controls (P < 0.05). Since this difference could not be explained by difference in age, it is possibly due to the inflammatory process at the mucosal level. IgG-2 levels were elevated in all patients except those with IgG-2 deficiency. IgG-2 concentration in the IgG-2 deficent group was lower compared to controls (P < 0.005) and patients in Group A (P < 0.0005) and B (P < 0.005). IgG-3 levels were elevated in asthmatics in group A compared to healthy controls (P < 0.005). IgG-4 concentrations were the same in all study groups. Since IgG-subclasses in percentage of total IgG were similar in BALF and serum, our results do not indicate a local production of any of the IgG-subclasses in the respiratory tract.
Authors:
R Kitz; P Ahrens; S Zielen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric pulmonology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  8755-6863     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Pulmonol.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-11     Completed Date:  2000-08-11     Revised Date:  2006-03-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510590     Medline TA:  Pediatr Pulmonol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  443-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Asthma / immunology*
Bronchitis / immunology*
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Female
Humans
IgG Deficiency / immunology*
Immunoglobulin G / analysis*
Infant
Male
Pneumonia / immunology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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