Document Detail


Immunoassays distinguishing between HNL/NGAL released in urine from kidney epithelial cells and neutrophils.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22609864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The distinction between monomeric human neutrophil lipocalin/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (HNL/NGAL), secreted by injured kidney tubular cells, and dimeric HNL/NGAL, released by activated neutrophils, is important to accurately diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: 132 urine samples from 44 intensive care unit (ICU) patients and five urine samples from non-ICU patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) were analyzed by two monoclonal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA-1 and ELISA-2). The presence of monomeric and/or dimeric HNL/NGAL in each sample was visualized by Western blotting. RESULTS: The ELISA-1 detected both monomeric and dimeric HNL/NGAL whereas the ELISA-2 almost exclusively detected dimeric HNL/NGAL with an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AuROC) of 0.90. The ELISA-1/ELISA-2 ratio detected the monomeric form with an AuROC of 0.92. In 32 AKI patients, dimer-specific ELISA-2 levels decreased pre-AKI whereas the monomer-specific ELISA-1/ELISA-2 ratio gradually increased beyond AKI diagnosis. High ELISA-2 levels and/or low ELISA-1/ELISA-2 ratios detected a predominance of dimeric HNL/NGAL in urine from the patients with UTIs. CONCLUSIONS: In combination, our two ELISAs distinguish monomeric HNL/NGAL, produced by the kidney epithelium, from dimeric HNL/NGAL, released by neutrophils during AKI development, as well as reduce the confounding effect of neutrophil involvement when bacteriuria is present.
Authors:
Johan Mårtensson; Shengyuan Xu; Max Bell; Claes-Roland Martling; Per Venge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3492     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1302422     Medline TA:  Clin Chim Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Section of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
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