Document Detail


Immersion hypothermia: comparative protection of anti-exposure garments in calm versus rough seas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3606516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To evaluate the thermal performance of anti-exposure garments in rough seas, eight garment-ensembles were studied: 7 foam-insulated garments (2 tight-fitting "wet" suits, 3 loose-fitting "wet" garments, 2 "dry" suits) and 1 uninsulated, loose-fitting control. Mean calm and rough water temperatures were 10.7 and 11.1 degrees C, respectively. Rectal temperature, back skin temperature, heart rate, and subjective evaluations of garment protection were measured. Loose-fitting, "wet" garments allowed significantly greater (approximately 50-100%) mean rectal temperature cooling rates and significantly larger declines in skin temperature in rough water than in calm water. Such differences were not found for either the tight-fitting "wet" suits or the "dry" suits. Heart rates were significantly higher in rough seas than in calm seas for all garments. Rectal and skin temperature changes were positively correlated with each other and with subjective evaluation of cold water flushing; they were negatively correlated with warmth and tightness-of-fit. "Dry" garments provided better protection than did "wet" garments in both sea conditions, and tight-fitting "wet" garments provided better protection than did loose-fitting "wet" garments in rough but not in calm seas. Accidental immersion in rough seas may be associated with significantly lower survival times than previously estimated from calm-water studies.
Authors:
A M Steinman; J S Hayward; M J Nemiroff; P S Kubilis
Related Documents :
10550046 - A possible 20th-century slowdown of southern ocean deep water formation
12246 - Respiratory behaviour of sea-urchin spermatozoa. i. effect of ph and egg water on the r...
23243106 - Long-term impact of integration of household water treatment and hygiene promotion with...
19365606 - Classification of the caspian sea coastal waters based on trophic index and numerical a...
1584146 - Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry: the effects of beam hardening on bone density measure...
18529876 - Time-resolved spectroscopy of water confined in vycor.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  1987 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-07-28     Completed Date:  1987-07-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Temperature
Heart Rate
Humans
Hypothermia / prevention & control*
Immersion / adverse effects*
Male
Naval Medicine
Protective Clothing*
Water Movements

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Human thermoregulation after atropine and/or pralidoxime administration.
Next Document:  The thyroid and hypoxic moderation of systemic hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.