Document Detail


Immediate effects of chocolate on experimentally induced mood states.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17597253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this work two hypotheses were tested: (1) that eating a piece of chocolate immediately affects negative, but not positive or neutral mood, and (2) that this effect is due to palatability. Experiment 1 (48 normal-weight and healthy women and men) examined the effects of eating a piece of chocolate and drinking water on negative, positive and neutral mood states induced by film clips. Eating chocolate reduced negative mood compared to drinking water, whereas no or only marginal effects were found on neutral and positive moods. Experiment 2 (113 normal-weight and healthy women and men) compared effects of eating palatable and unpalatable chocolate on negative mood, and examined the duration of chocolate-induced mood change. Negative mood was improved after eating palatable chocolate as compared to unpalatable chocolate or nothing. This effect was short lived, i.e., it disappeared after 3 min. In both experiments, chocolate-induced mood improvement was associated with emotional eating. The present studies demonstrate that eating a small amount of sweet food improves an experimentally induced negative mood state immediately and selectively and that this effect of chocolate is due to palatability. It is hypothesized that immediate mood effects of palatable food contribute to the habit of eating to cope with stress.
Authors:
Michael Macht; Jochen Mueller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-05-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0195-6663     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-09     Completed Date:  2008-03-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology (Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy), University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany. macht@psychologie.uni-wuerszburg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect / drug effects*,  physiology
Cacao*
Candy*
Cross-Over Studies
Eating / psychology*
Emotions / drug effects,  physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Stress, Psychological
Taste / physiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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