Document Detail

Immediate-early gene responses to different cardiac loads in the ejecting rabbit left ventricle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8841944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Clinical and experimental observations in humans and animals have shown that different cardiac adaptations occur in response to different types of hemodynamic overload. However, very little is known about how different hemodynamic loads lead to these different cardiac adaptations. Accordingly, we studied the acute response of ejecting isolated rabbit hearts to independently varied systolic and diastolic mechanical loads at constant coronary perfusion pressure. We studied the combined effects of low end-diastolic volume (EDV) and low systolic ejection pressure (Pej), compared to low EDV and high Pej, high EDU and low Pej, and high EDV and high Pej, on the expression of c-fos, c-jun, and egr-1. Further, although we did not seek to clarify the role of these immediate-early genes in cardiac hypertrophy, we hypothesized that they should not all respond in the same manner to these different mechanical loads. In these ejecting hearts we found that the expression of these immediate-early genes did not all respond alike to the different mechanical loads: both c-fos and egr-1 were strongly induced at both 30 and 60 min. However, at 30 min only c-fos depended on the level of EDV (P = 0.01). Neither c-fos nor egr-1 was influenced by EDV at 60 min. The expression of c-jun was largely insensitive to all loading conditions. We conclude that EDV, independent of Pej, influences the pattern and time course of expression of some immediately-early genes and that these different immediate-early genes do not respond in parallel to changes in cardiac loading.
B K Slinker; R L Stephens; S A Fisher; Q Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0022-2828     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-11     Completed Date:  1996-12-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0262322     Medline TA:  J Mol Cell Cardiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1565-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Physiology, Washington State University, Pullmann 99164-6520, USA.
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MeSH Terms
DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Heart Ventricles / metabolism*
Immediate-Early Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / genetics,  metabolism*
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / genetics,  metabolism*
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Stroke Volume
Time Factors
Transcription Factors / genetics,  metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA-Binding Proteins; 0/Immediate-Early Proteins; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Transcription Factors

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