Document Detail


Immaturity-dependent free radical activity in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7936837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To examine the role of immaturity in the free radical-mediated rate of lipid peroxidation in premature infants, we studied 27 infants [gestational age, 27.1 (SD 2.4) wk; birth weight, 970 (SD 330) g]. Ethane and pentane were quantitated in expired air during the first 18 d of life. During the first 2 postnatal d ethane [24.1 (SEM 7.8) pmol x kg-1 x min-1] and pentane [24.2 (SEM 4.1) pmol x kg-1 x min-1] were stable but increased during d 5 to maxima of 79.1 (15.8) pmol x kg-1 x min-1 and 62.1 (8.1) pmol x kg-1 x min-1, respectively. Maximum ethane and pentane correlated with gestational age (r = -0.42, p = 0.03 and r = -0.52, p = 0.005, respectively) and birth weight (r = -0.38, p = 0.05 and r = -0.59, p = 0.001, respectively). Infants with high maximum expired ethane and pentane (exceeding 40 pmol x kg-1 x min-1) had higher odds of dying or having bronchopulmonary dysplasia than those with low ethane and pentane (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 38.5; p < 0.05 for ethane and odds ratio, 5.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 29.3; p < 0.05 for pentane). We conclude that degree of prematurity is the single most important factor explaining free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation in premature infants. A therapeutic intervention to limit the effects of free radicals should be started during the 1st postnatal d in premature infants to be effective.
Authors:
E Varsila; O Pitkänen; M Hallman; S Andersson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0031-3998     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-22     Completed Date:  1994-11-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ethane / analysis
Free Radicals
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Lipid Peroxidation / physiology*
Pentanes / analysis
Regression Analysis
Respiration / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radicals; 0/Pentanes; 109-66-0/pentane; 74-84-0/Ethane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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