Document Detail

Imaging in hydrocephalus and spinal dysraphism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11129879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hydrocephalus and spinal dysraphism are two commonly encountered clinical entities where imaging plays a vital role. Sonography, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are the modalities used for the evaluation of hydrocephalus. Ultrasound is useful in small infants with open fontanella, is non-invasive and can be performed at cribside. However, it has limitation in identifying the etiology. CT is the most cost effective modality in the evaluation of hydrocephalus and gives detailed anatomical information. MRI offers the added advantage of multiplanar display and can also assess stenosis/patency of CSF pathways, using phase contrast cine techniques. MRI is the modality of choice for evaluating spinal dysraphism and gives excellent information regarding contents of back mass, spinal cord status and associated anomalies like Chiari malformation. Myelography coupled with CT should be reserved for equivocal cases or in centres where MRI is not available.
A K Gupta; R Sharma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1997 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-20     Completed Date:  2001-02-01     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  34-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / adverse effects
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Diagnostic Imaging / economics,  methods*,  standards
Hydrocephalus / classification,  diagnosis*,  etiology,  therapy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / economics,  standards
Myelography / economics,  standards
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Spinal Dysraphism / classification,  diagnosis*,  etiology,  therapy
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / economics,  standards

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