Document Detail

Imaging the endometrium: disease and normal variants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11706213     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The endometrium demonstrates a wide spectrum of normal and pathologic appearances throughout menarche as well as during the prepubertal and postmenopausal years and the first trimester of pregnancy. Disease entities include hydrocolpos, hydrometrocolpos, and ovarian cysts in pediatric patients; gestational trophoblastic disease during pregnancy; endometritis and retained products of conception in the postpartum period; and bleeding caused by polyps, submucosal fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, or endometrial adenocarcinoma. Other findings include tamoxifen-associated changes, intrauterine fluid collections, and endometrial adhesions. Although ultrasound (US) is almost always the first modality used in the radiologic work-up of endometrial disease, findings at sonohysterography, hysterosalpingography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography are often correlated with US findings. It is important to understand that the appearance of the endometrium is related to multiple factors, including the patient's age, stage in the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy status and whether she has undergone hormonal replacement therapy or tamoxifen therapy. Accurate diagnosis requires that these factors be taken into account in addition to clinical history and physical examination findings.
K M Nalaboff; J S Pellerito; E Ben-Levi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0271-5333     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiographics     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-13     Completed Date:  2002-07-19     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302501     Medline TA:  Radiographics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1409-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, 300 Community Dr, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Endometrium / drug effects,  ultrasonography*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators / pharmacology
Tamoxifen / pharmacology
Uterine Diseases / pathology*,  ultrasonography*
Uterine Hemorrhage / ultrasonography
Uterine Neoplasms / ultrasonography
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators; 10540-29-1/Tamoxifen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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