Document Detail


Imaging of amyloid deposition in human brain using positron emission tomography and [(18)F]FACT: comparison with [ (11)C]PIB.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24233004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The characteristic neuropathological changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are deposition of amyloid senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. The (18)F-labeled amyloid tracer, [(18)F]2-[(2-{(E)-2-[2-(dimethylamino)-1,3-thiazol-5-yl]vinyl}-1,3-benzoxazol-6-yl)oxy]-3-fluoropropan-1-ol (FACT), one of the benzoxazole derivatives, was recently developed. In the present study, deposition of amyloid senile plaques was measured by positron emission tomography (PET) with both [(11)C]Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) and [(18)F]FACT in the same subjects, and the regional uptakes of both radiotracers were directly compared.
METHODS: Two PET scans, one of each with [(11)C]PIB and [(18)F]FACT, were performed sequentially on six normal control subjects, two mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and six AD patients. The standardized uptake value ratio of brain regions to the cerebellum was calculated with partial volume correction using magnetic resonance (MR) images to remove the effects of white matter accumulation.
RESULTS: No significant differences in the cerebral cortical uptake were observed between normal control subjects and AD patients in [(18)F]FACT studies without partial volume correction, while significant differences were observed in [(11)C]PIB. After partial volume correction, the cerebral cortical uptake was significantly larger in AD patients than in normal control subjects for [(18)F]FACT studies as well as [(11)C]PIB. Relatively lower uptakes of [(11)C]PIB in distribution were observed in the medial side of the temporal cortex and in the occipital cortex as compared with [(18)F]FACT. Relatively higher uptake of [(11)C]PIB in distribution was observed in the frontal and parietal cortices.
CONCLUSION: Since [(18)F]FACT might bind more preferentially to dense-cored amyloid deposition, regional differences in cerebral cortical uptake between [(11)C]PIB and [(18)F]FACT might be due to differences in regional distribution between diffuse and dense-cored amyloid plaque shown in the autoradiographic and histochemical assays of postmortem AD brain sections.
Authors:
Hiroshi Ito; Hitoshi Shinotoh; Hitoshi Shimada; Michie Miyoshi; Kazuhiko Yanai; Nobuyuki Okamura; Harumasa Takano; Hidehiko Takahashi; Ryosuke Arakawa; Fumitoshi Kodaka; Maiko Ono; Yoko Eguchi; Makoto Higuchi; Toshimitsu Fukumura; Tetsuya Suhara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1619-7089     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140988     Medline TA:  Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan, hito@nirs.go.jp.
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