Document Detail

Illusory correlation and social anxiety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9737058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An illusory correlation (IC) experiment examined the presence of a phobia-relevant covariation bias in the context of social anxiety. Low (n = 28) and high (n = 32) social anxious women were shown a series of slides comprising pictures of angry, happy and neutral faces which were randomly paired with either a shock, a siren or nothing. One half of the participants were shown women faces, whereas the other half were shown men faces. Participants indicated outcome expectancies on a trial by trial basis. After the experiment proper they estimated the contingencies of all slide/outcome combinations. Participants showed both an a priori and an a posteriori IC between angry faces and shock. This covariation bias was similar for men and women faces and independent of prior fear. The pattern of results is consistent with the idea that ICs arise from initial expectancies that survive extinction.
P J de Jong; H Merckelbach; S Bögels; M Kindt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0005-7967     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  1998 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-27     Completed Date:  1998-10-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1063-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Experimental Abnormal Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Association Learning*
Bias (Epidemiology)
Conditioning (Psychology)
Facial Expression*
Gender Identity
Illusions / psychology
Inhibition (Psychology)
Multivariate Analysis
Phobic Disorders / classification,  psychology*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Regression Analysis
Social Identification
Stereotyped Behavior

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