Document Detail

Illness representations as mediators of the relationship between dispositional optimism and depression in patients with chronic tinnitus: A cross-sectional study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23937149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective : Both dispositional optimism and illness representations are related to psychological health in chronic patients. In a group of chronic tinnitus sufferers, the interplay between these two variables was examined. Specifically, it was tested to what extent the relationship between dispositional optimism and depression is mediated by more positive illness representations. Method : The study had a cross-sectional design. One hundred and eighteen patients diagnosed with chronic tinnitus completed questionnaires assessing optimism (Life Orientation Test-Revised [LOT-R]), illness representations (Illness Perceptions Questionnaire-Revised [IPQ-R]) and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]). Results : Correlation analysis showed that optimism was associated with more positive illness representations and lower levels of depression. Simple mediation analyses revealed that the relationship between optimism and depression was partially mediated by the illness representation dimensions consequences, treatment control, coherence, emotional representations and internal causes. A multiple mediation analysis indicated that the total mediation effect of illness representations is particularly due to the dimension consequences. Conclusion : Optimism influences depression in tinnitus patients both directly and indirectly. The indirect effect indicates that optimism is associated with more positive tinnitus-specific illness representations which, in turn, are related to less depression. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the interplay between generalised expectancies, illness-specific perceptions and psychological adjustment to medical conditions.
Manja Vollmann; Margreet Scharloo; Berthold Langguth; Natallia Kalkouskaya; Christel Salewski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology & health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-8321     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Health     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807983     Medline TA:  Psychol Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Department of Health Psychology , University of Hagen , Hagen , Germany.
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