Document Detail

Iliac and femoral artery stenoses and occlusions: treatment with intravascular stents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2528159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Forty-five patients with atherosclerotic stenoses and occlusions of the iliac and superficial femoral arteries were treated with a flexible, self-expanding, metallic intravascular stent. Of these patients, 37 were treated immediately after inadequate angioplasty. At a follow-up period of 2-12 months, intravenous digital subtraction angiograms demonstrated patency of the vessels with stents in 40 of 45 patients. The mean Doppler ankle/arm index increased from 0.60 to 0.92 immediately after treatment and was 0.89 at follow-up. Early thrombotic stent occlusion occurred in two patients. Intimal hyperplasia was a late effect and led to stent stenoses in three patients after 5-9 months and stent occlusion in one patient after 6 months. In three patients, percutaneous recanalization with balloon and Simpson catheters was successful. Intravascular stents proved particularly useful for maintenance of patency after angioplasty in occlusions of the iliac and femoral arteries and in treatment of stenoses due to eccentric and severely ulcerated plaques. The stents also helped manage complications after angioplasty. Long-term results will depend on the degree, frequency, and progression of intimal hyperplasia narrowing the vascular lumen.
R W Günther; D Vorwerk; K Bohndorf; I Peters; A el-Din; B Messmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiology     Volume:  172     ISSN:  0033-8419     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiology     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-09-25     Completed Date:  1989-09-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401260     Medline TA:  Radiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  725-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Aachen University of Technology, Federal Republic of Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon
Arteriosclerosis / radiography,  therapy*
Constriction, Pathologic / radiography,  therapy
Femoral Artery*
Follow-Up Studies
Graft Occlusion, Vascular / radiography
Iliac Artery*
Middle Aged
Prostheses and Implants*
Vascular Patency

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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