Document Detail


IgA nephropathy in the triethnic population of New Mexico.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19761719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most frequent glomerulonephritis around the globe, but its incidence in the United States is unknown. The disease has a preponderance for certain racial/ethnic groups. Our goals were to retrospectively analyze a series of IgAN biopsies from the state of New Mexico and to calculate an estimated incidence. Then we compared the racial/ethnic composition of our patient cohort to the composition of the New Mexico population and examined the three main racial/ethnic groups for differences in clinical and pathologic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal biopsies and clinical data from IgAN cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico between 2000 and 2005 were reviewed. We compared the racial/ethnic composition of our patient cohort to the demographic composition of the New Mexico population. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic variables were analyzed with respect to the patients' race/ethnicity. RESULTS: The incidence of IgAN in New Mexico was 10.2 cases per million persons per year (9.3 when Henoch-Schönlein purpura cases were excluded). American Indians were twice as frequent in our patient cohort when compared to their demographic representation, with the reverse finding for Non-Hispanic Whites. Hispanics more frequently had nephrotic range proteinuria than Non-Hispanic Whites and American Indians. On renal biopsy, endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis was the most common glomerular abnormality, followed by the focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)-like pattern. The FSGS-like pattern was more frequent in American Indians and Hispanics than in Non-Hispanic Whites. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of an incidence figure of IgAN for an entire state in the US. American Indian and Hispanic patients had a stronger representation in our cohort than Non-Hispanic Whites, when compared to the general New Mexico population.
Authors:
E G Fischer; A A Harris; B Carmichael; S L Lathrop; L A Cerilli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nephrology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0301-0430     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-18     Completed Date:  2009-12-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364441     Medline TA:  Clin Nephrol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Division of Surgical and Renal Pathology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA. efischer@salud.unm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Continental Population Groups
Female
Glomerulonephritis, IGA* / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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