Document Detail

Idiopathic amblyopia: a diagnosis of exclusion. A report of 3 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21524600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the clinical course for 3 young patients diagnosed with idiopathic amblyopia.
CASE REPORTS: The clinical course for 3 young patients with unilateral visual loss initially attributed to idiopathic amblyopia is presented. Extensive evaluations over the years, including optical coherence tomography, were performed in addition to routine clinical testing. In 1 patient, transient anisometropic refractive error during infancy was likely causative for the unilateral visual loss. For the second patient, a subclinical microtropia with varying eccentric fixation was subsequently diagnosed, and for the third patient, a subtle retinal disorder was subsequently diagnosed.
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of idiopathic amblyopia is one of exclusion and should only be made after extensive testing to rule out subclinical binocular vision or pathological anomalies.
Robert P Rutstein; Tammy P Than; E Eugenie Hartmann; Nathan W Steinhafel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optometry (St. Louis, Mo.)     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1558-1527     ISO Abbreviation:  Optometry     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100912421     Medline TA:  Optometry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  290-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Optometric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
School of Optometry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham.
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