Document Detail

Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: an avian model for plexogenic arteriopathy and serotonergic vasoconstriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21277983     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is a disease of unknown cause that is characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance attributable to vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling of small pulmonary arteries. Vascular remodeling includes hypertrophy and hyperplasia of smooth muscle (medial hypertrophy) accompanied in up to 80% of the cases by the formation of occlusive plexiform lesions (plexogenic arteriopathy). Patients tend to be unresponsive to vasodilator therapy and have a poor prognosis for survival when plexogenic arteriopathy progressively obstructs their pulmonary arteries. Research is needed to understand and treat plexogenic arteriopathy, but advances have been hindered by the absence of spontaneously developing lesions in existing laboratory animal models. Young domestic fowl bred for meat production (broiler chickens, broilers) spontaneously develop IPAH accompanied by semi-occlusive endothelial proliferation that progresses into fully developed plexiform lesions. Plexiform lesions develop in both female and male broilers, and lesion incidences (lung sections with lesions/lung sections examined) averaged approximately 40% in 8 to 52 week old birds. Plexiform lesions formed distal to branch points in muscular interparabronchial pulmonary arteries, and were associated with perivascular mononuclear cell infiltrates. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen known to stimulate vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation. Serotonin has been directly linked to the pathogenesis of IPAH in humans, including IPAH linked to serotonergic anorexigens that trigger the formation of plexiform lesions indistinguishable from those observed in primary IPAH triggered by other causes. Serotonin also plays a major role in the susceptibility of broilers to IPAH. This avian model of spontaneous IPAH constitutes a new animal model for biomedical research focused on the pathogenesis of IPAH and plexogenic arteriopathy.
Robert F Wideman; Krishna R Hamal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-01-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1873-488X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-18     Completed Date:  2011-08-22     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206091     Medline TA:  J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  283-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arterioles / pathology,  physiopathology
Disease Models, Animal*
Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology,  pathology,  physiopathology
Lung / blood supply*
Pulmonary Artery / pathology*,  physiopathology
Serotonin / metabolism*
Tunica Intima / pathology,  physiopathology
Grant Support
1R15HL092517 01/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R15 HL092517-01/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:

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