Document Detail

Identifying the determinants of premature mortality in Russia: overcoming a methodological challenge.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18045487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: It is thought that excessive alcohol consumption is related to the high mortality among working age men in Russia. Moreover it has been suggested that alcohol is a key proximate driver of the very sharp fluctuations in mortality seen in this group since the mid-1980s. Designing an individual-level study suitable to address the potential acute effects of alcohol consumption on mortality in Russia has posed a challenge to epidemiologists, especially because of the need to identify factors that could underlie the rapid changes up and down in mortality rates that have been such a distinctive feature of the Russian mortality crisis. In order to address this study question which focuses on exposures acting shortly before sudden death, a cohort would be unfeasibly large and would suffer from recruitment bias. METHODS: Although the situation in Russia is unusual, with a very high death rate characterised by many sudden and apparently unexpected deaths in young men, the methodological problem is common to research on any cause of death where many deaths are sudden. RESULTS: We describe the development of an innovative approach that has overcome some of these challenges: a case-control study employing proxy informants and external data sources to collect information about proximate determinants of mortality. CONCLUSION: This offers a set of principles that can be adopted by epidemiologists studying sudden and unexpected deaths in other settings.
Susannah Tomkins; Vladimir Shkolnikov; Evgueni Andreev; Nikolay Kiryanov; David A Leon; Martin McKee; Lyudmila Saburova
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMC public health     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1471-2458     ISO Abbreviation:  BMC Public Health     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-13     Completed Date:  2008-03-06     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100968562     Medline TA:  BMC Public Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  343     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects,  epidemiology*
Case-Control Studies
Death, Sudden / epidemiology,  etiology
Life Expectancy
Men's Health*
Middle Aged
Russia / epidemiology
Grant Support
//Wellcome Trust

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