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Identification of structural motifs in the E2 glycoprotein of Chikungunya involved in virus-host interaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025271     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chikungunya fever is one of the reemerging vector-borne diseases. It has become a major global health problem especially in the developing countries. There are no vaccines or specific antiviral drugs available to date. This study reports small molecule inhibitors of envelope glycoprotein 2 (E2 glycoprotein) which are predicted based on Chikungunya virus-host interactions. E2 glycoprotein of Chikungunya virus interacts at 216 residue of the host receptor protein which plays a vital role in initiating infection. Understanding the structural aspects of E2 glycoprotein is crucial to develop specific inhibitors to prevent the virus binding from host receptors. In silico method was adopted to predict the sequence motifs of envelope protein, as the method like yeast two hybrid system is laborious, time consuming, and costly. The E2 glycoprotein structure of the Indian isolate was modeled using two templates (2XFC and 3JOC) and then validated. The class III PDZ domain binding motif was found to be identified at 213-216 amino acids. The corresponding peptide structures which recognize the PDZ domain binding motif were identified by the literature search and were used for generating five point pharmacophore model (ADDDR) containing acceptor, donor and aromatic ring features. Databases such as Asinex, TosLab and Maybridge were searched for the matches for the predicted pharmacophore model. Two compounds were identified as lead molecules as their glide score is > 5 kcal/mol. Since the pharmacophore model is developed based on Chikungunya virus-host interaction, it can be used for designing promising antiviral lead compounds for the treatment of Chikungunya fever.An animated Interactive 3D Complement (I3DC) is available in Proteopedia at http://proteopedia.org/w/Journal:JBSD:21.
Authors:
J Asnet Mary; R Paramasivan; B K Tyagi; M Surender; R Shenbagarathai
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-0254     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404176     Medline TA:  J Biomol Struct Dyn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a PG & Research Department of Zoology and Biotechnology , Lady Doak College , Madurai , India.
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