Document Detail

Identification and quantification of phosphatidylcholines containing very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid in bovine and human retina using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21035124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The retina is one of the vertebrate tissues with the highest content in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). A large proportion of retinal phospholipids, especially those found in photoreceptor membranes, are dipolyunsaturated molecular species. Among them, dipolyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecular species are known to contain very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFA) from the n-3 and n-6 series having 24-36 carbon atoms (C24-C36) and four to six double bonds. Recent interest in the role played by VLC-PUFA arose from the findings that a protein called elongation of very-long-chain fatty acids 4 (ELOVL4) is involved in their biosynthesis and that mutations in the ELOVL4 gene are associated with Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STD3), a dominantly inherited juvenile macular degeneration leading to vision loss. The aim of the present study was to develop an HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method for the structural characterisation and the quantification of dipolyunsaturated PC molecular species containing VLC-PUFA and validate this methodology on retinas from bovines and human donors. Successful separation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine (PS), PC, lyso-phosphatidylcholine (LPC) and sphingomyelin (SM) was achieved using a silica gel column and a gradient of hexane/isopropanol/water containing ammonium formate as a mobile phase. A complete structural characterisation of intact phosphatidylcholine species was obtained by collision-induced dissociation (CID) in the negative mode. Fatty acid composition and distribution can be clearly assigned based on the intensity of sn-2/sn-1 fragment ions. The PC species were characterised on bovine retina, 28 of which were dipolyunsaturated PC species containing one VLC-PUFA (C24-C36) with three to six double bonds. VLC-PUFA was always in the sn-1 position while PUFA at the sn-2 position was exclusively docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3). Most of these VLC-PUFA-containing dipolyunsaturated PCs were detected and quantified in human retinas. The quantitative analysis of the different PC molecular species was performed in the positive mode using precursor ion scanning of m/z 184 and 14:0/14:0-PC and 24:0/24:0-PC as internal standards. The relationship between the MS peak intensities of different PC species and their carbon chain length was included for calibration. The main compounds represented were those having VLC-PUFA with 32 carbon atoms (C32:3, C32:4, C32:5 and C32:6) and 34 carbon atoms (C34:3, C34:4, C34:5 and C34:6). Dipolyunsaturated PCs with 36:5 and 36:6 were detected but in smaller quantities. In conclusion, this new HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method is sensitive and specific enough to structurally characterise and quantify all molecular PC species, including those esterified with VLC-PUFA. This technique is valuable for a precise characterisation of PC molecular species containing VLC-PUFA in retina and may be useful for a better understanding of the pathogenesis of STD3.
Olivier Berdeaux; Pierre Juaneda; Lucy Martine; Stephanie Cabaret; Lionel Bretillon; Niyazi Acar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of chromatography. A     Volume:  1217     ISSN:  1873-3778     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chromatogr A     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  2011-02-03     Revised Date:  2013-07-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9318488     Medline TA:  J Chromatogr A     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7738-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Lipid-Aroma Platform, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, UMR6265 CNRS, UMR1324 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, Agrosup Dijon, F-21000 Dijon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
Chromosome Disorders
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / analysis,  chemistry*
Macular Degeneration / congenital
Oxazoles / chemistry
Phosphatidylcholines / analysis,  chemistry*
Retina / chemistry*
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0/Oxazoles; 0/Phosphatidylcholines; 30093-99-3/4,4-dimethyloxazoline

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