Document Detail


Identification of naphthalene metabolism by white rot fungus Pleurotus eryngii.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23334282     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The use of biomaterials or microorganisms in PAHs degradation had presented an eye-catching performance. Pleurotus eryngii is a white rot fungus, which is easily isolated from the decayed woods in the tropical rain forest, used to determine the capability to utilize naphthalene, a two-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon as source of carbon and energy. In the meantime, biotransformation of naphthalene to intermediates and other by-products during degradation was investigated in this study. Pleurotus eryngii had been incubated in liquid medium formulated with naphthalene for 14 days. The presence of metabolites of naphthalene suggests that Pleurotus eryngii begin the ring cleavage by dioxygenation on C1 and C4 position to give 1,4-naphthaquinone. 1,4-Naphthaquinone was further degraded to benzoic acid, where the proposed terepthalic acid is absent in the cultured extract. Further degradation of benzoic acid by Pleurotus eryngii shows the existence of catechol as a result of the combination of decarboxylation and hydroxylation process. Unfortunately, phthalic acid was not detected in this study. Several enzymes, including manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase, laccase, 1,2-dioxygenase and 2,3-dioxygenase are enzymes responsible for naphthalene degradation. Reduction of naphthalene and the presence of metabolites in liquid medium showed the ability of Pleurotus eryngii to utilize naphthalene as carbon source instead of a limited glucose amount.
Authors:
Tony Hadibarata; Zee Chuang Teh; Rubiyatno; Meor Mohd Fikri Ahmad Zubir; Ameer Badr Khudhair; Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff; Mohd Razman Salim; Topik Hidayat
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioprocess and biosystems engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-7605     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088505     Medline TA:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Environmental and Water Resource Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia, hadibarata@utm.my.
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