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Identification of ginkgolic acid (15:1) metabolites in rats following oral administration by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205533     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
1. In this article, metabolites of ginkgolic acid (GA) (15:1) in rats plasma, bile, urine and faeces after oral administration have been investigated for the first time by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) with the aid of on-line hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange technique and β-glucuronidase hydrolysis experiments. 2. After oral administration of GA (15:1, M0) to rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg, it was found that metabolites M1-M5 together with parent compound (M0) existed in rat plasma; parent compound (M0) and metabolites M2-M5 were observed in rat bile, and parent compound (M0) with metabolites M1 and M2 were discovered in rat faeces, and there was no parent compound and metabolite detectable in rat urine. 3. Two oxidative metabolites of GA (15:1, M0) were identified as 2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-8-enyl-10-hydroxy) benzoic acid (M1) and 2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-8-enyl-11-hydroxy-13-carbonyl) benzoic acid (M2), respectively. Metabolites M3, M4 and M5 were identified as the mono-glucuronic acid conjugates of parent compound (M0), M1 and M2, respectively. 4. The results indicated that M1 and M2 with parent compound (M0) were mainly eliminated in faeces and three glucuronide metabolites (M3, M4 and M5) excreted in bile as the predominant forms after oral administration of GA (15:1) to rats.
Hongjun Xia; Zhenhua Liu; Haihong Hu; Hui Zhou; Su Zeng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1366-5928     ISO Abbreviation:  Xenobiotica     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306665     Medline TA:  Xenobiotica     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Lab of Pharmaceutical Analysis and Drug Metabolism, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University , 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.
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