Document Detail

Identification and differentiation of dragon's blood in works of art using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20349349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dragon's blood is a common but non-specific name for red-coloured resins that are produced by various plants, particularly exudations from plant species belonging to the genera Dracaena and Daemonorops. Although dragon's blood is mentioned in historic sources as a colourant, it has hardly ever been identified in real artworks. This paper reports the identification and discrimination of dragon's blood produced by Dracaena cinnabari, Dracaena draco as well as Daemonorops draco and Daemonorops micracantha by means of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) within the context of a routine analysis of binding media used in works of art. The detection of specific flavonoid marker compounds in both underivatised and methylated methanol extracts provided the first evidence for the use of dragon's blood from all four species in various works of art from the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries. Dragon's blood was mainly used as a red colourant in gold lacquers as well as translucent glazes and paints, e.g. in reverse-glass paintings (Hinterglasmalerei).
Ursula Baumer; Patrick Dietemann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry     Volume:  397     ISSN:  1618-2650     ISO Abbreviation:  Anal Bioanal Chem     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-12     Completed Date:  2010-08-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134327     Medline TA:  Anal Bioanal Chem     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1363-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Doerner Institut, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Barer Str. 29, 80799 Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Arecaceae / chemistry*
Coloring Agents / analysis*,  chemistry
Dracaena / chemistry*
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods*
Resins, Plant / analysis*,  chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coloring Agents; 0/Resins, Plant

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