Document Detail


Identification of congenital auricular deformities during newborn hearing screening allows for non-surgical correction: A Mayo Clinic pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22770593     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a Mayo Clinic pilot study in which newborn hearing screeners are trained to identify congenital auricular deformities, allowing for non-surgical correction with a simple splint initiated in the immediate neonatal period. METHODS: Newborn hearing screeners received education on evaluation of congenital auricular deformities. Ten infants with 19 affected ears amenable to treatment with a simple splint were enrolled between June 15 and December 10, 2009. Splinting was initiated prior to the infant's discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: Congenital auricular deformities amenable to correction with splinting included cup ear, Stahl's ear, and prominent ear. All ears were assessed by physical examination and photographic documentation prior to splinting and at follow-up visits. All exhibited improvement from the original deformity after 1-4 weeks of splinting. There were no instances of skin irritation or breakdown. CONCLUSION: Splinting therapy of congenital auricular deformities is very effective when initiated within the first 3 days of life while cartilage is quite malleable. Newborn hearing screening is performed within 24-48h of birth and is an ideal opportunity to identify auricular deformities. This pilot study shows that early identification of auricular deformities by properly educated newborn hearing screeners is feasible, allowing for successful initiation of splinting therapy.
Authors:
Rajanya S Petersson; Chelsey A Recker; Joscelyn R K Martin; Colin L W Driscoll; Oren Friedman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
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