Document Detail


Identification of cathepsin B in the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta and its role in innate immune responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23632254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cathepsin B, a lysosomal cysteine protease, has drawn much attention in vertebrates. However, very little is known about the functions of cathepsin B in bivalves. In this study, we identified the cathepsin B gene in the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta. The protein has a typical cysteine protease structure, comprising a 15-residue putative signal peptide, a 75-residue propeptide and a 249-residue mature domain. In the mature domain, there is an occluding loop, an oxyanion hole (Gln) and a catalytic triad (Cys, His and Asn). The cathepsin B gene is expressed in a wide range of tissues but appears to exhibit greatest level of expression in the liver. During the early developmental stages, the transcript could be detected widely. After the clam was infected with Vibrio anguillarum, the expression of the cathepsin B gene showed the most significant up-regulation in the liver and mantle tissues at 8 h after infection. The fact that bacterial infection can induce the expression of the cathepsin B transcript suggests that cathepsin B could play an important role in the innate immunity of clams.
Authors:
Donghong Niu; Kai Jin; Lie Wang; Fanyue Sun; Jiale Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental and comparative immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0089     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev. Comp. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708205     Medline TA:  Dev Comp Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources and College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China.
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