Document Detail

Identification of an aberrant cell line among human adipose tissue-derived stem cell isolates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19281777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSC) are isolated from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue and considered an excellent cell source for regenerative medicine. During the isolation and propagation of several human ADSC cell lines, we observed the emergence of an unusual cell line designated HADSC-6. Although initially fibroblast-like as typical ADSC are, HADSC-6 cells became homogeneously cuboid in shape, had very little cytoplasm, and formed aggregates with capsule-like boundary. Proliferation assay showed that HADSC-6 grew much faster than typical HADSC cell lines, such as HADSC-20. Immunocytochemistry showed that HADSC-6 did not express endothelial markers CD31 and vWF, and matrigel tube formation assay showed that it was unable to form endothelial-like tube structures. However, LDL uptake, a reliable endothelial marker, was positively identified. Chromosomal analysis showed that HADSC-6 cells were hypertriploid, and soft agar colony formation assay showed that they were able to proliferate and form large colonies in an anchorage-independent manner. However, tumorigenicity test showed that HADSC-6 was unable to form tumors in athymic mice. RT-PCR analysis showed that both HADSC-6 and HADSC-20 expressed VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-D, and VEGFR1 but not VEGFR2 or VEGFR3. VEGF-C, however, was expressed at a high level in HADSC-20 but undetectable in HADSC-6. In the IGF system, IGF-1 was abundantly expressed in HADSC-20 but marginally detectable in HADSC-6, and IGF-1R was abundantly expressed in HADSC-6 but not detectable in HADSC-20. In the FGF system, bFGF was abundantly expressed in HADSC-20 but marginally detectable in HADSC-6, and FGFR1 was abundantly expressed in both. Taken together, these results suggested that HADSC-6 cells were spontaneously transformed from the endothelium; therefore, they were further compared to previously published data of four naturally occurring human angiosarcoma cell lines. The results showed that the established angiosarcoma cell lines exhibit considerable variations among themselves and HADSC-6 displayed most of these variable characteristics.
Hongxiu Ning; Gang Liu; Guiting Lin; Maurice Garcia; Long-Cheng Li; Tom F Lue; Ching-Shwun Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Differentiation; research in biological diversity     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1432-0436     ISO Abbreviation:  Differentiation     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-13     Completed Date:  2009-09-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401650     Medline TA:  Differentiation     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / cytology*,  metabolism
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Line
Cell Line, Tumor*
Cell Proliferation
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Stem Cells / pathology,  physiology*
Grant Support
R01 DK051374/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK051374-05/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R37 DK045370/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R37 DK045370-13/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

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