Document Detail


Identification of an obese eating style in 4-year-old children born at high and low risk for obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19779474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study tested whether children's eating behavior and parental feeding prompts during a laboratory test meal differ among children born at high risk (HR) or low risk (LR) for obesity and are associated with excess child weight gain. At 4 years of age, 32 HR children (mean maternal prepregnancy BMI = 30.4 kg/m(2)) and 29 LR children (maternal BMI = 19.6 kg/m(2)) consumed a test meal in which their eating behavior was assessed, including rate of caloric consumption, mouthfuls/min, and requests for food. Parental prompts for the child to eat also were measured at year 4, and child body composition was measured at ages 4 and 6 years. T-tests, and logistic and multiple regression analyses tested study aims. Results indicated that HR and LR children did not differ in eating rate or parental feeding prompts. Greater maternal BMI, child mouthfuls of food/min, and total caloric intake/min during the test meal predicted an increased risk of being overweight or obese at age 6, whereas greater active mealtime was associated with a reduced risk of being overweight or obese. Regression analyses indicated that only mouthfuls of food/min predicted changes in BMI from 4 to 6 years, and mouthfuls of food/min and gender predicted 2-year changes in sum of skinfolds and total body fat. Thus, a rapid eating style, characterized by increased mouthfuls of food/min, may be a behavioral marker for the development of childhood obesity.
Authors:
Robert I Berkowitz; Renee' H Moore; Myles S Faith; Virginia A Stallings; Tanja V E Kral; Albert J Stunkard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1930-739X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-24     Completed Date:  2010-08-13     Revised Date:  2012-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. berkowitz@email.chop.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Child
Child, Preschool
Energy Intake*
Feeding Behavior*
Female
Humans
Male
Mothers
Mouth
Obesity / etiology*
Overweight / etiology*
Parenting*
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Skinfold Thickness
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK068899/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK068899-11/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; RR00240/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Mar;18(3):648

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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