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Identification of the Iodine Concentration That Yields the Highest Intravascular Enhancement in MDCT Angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23617503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to identify the iodine concentration that yields the highest intravascular contrast enhancement in MDCT angiography by intraindividual comparison in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Six pigs underwent repeated chest MDCT examinations under standardized conditions using the same contrast medium (iopromide) with different iodine concentrations (150, 240, 300, and 370 mg I/mL). The contrast injection protocol was adapted to ensure an identical iodine delivery rate of 1.5 g I/s and the same total iodine dose of 300 mg/kg of body weight for all studies. Dynamic CT scans were acquired at the levels of the pulmonary artery and the ascending and descending aorta. Pulmonary and aortic peak enhancement values as well as time to peak (TTP) were calculated from time-enhancement curves. RESULTS. Pulmonary and aortic peak contrast enhancement values were significantly higher with the 240 and 300 mg I/mL contrast media than the 150 and 370 mg I/mL contrast media (e.g., ascending aorta: 240 vs 150, p = 0.0070; 300 vs 150, p = 0.0096; 240 vs 370, p = 0.0262; 300 vs 370, p = 0.0079). TTP values tended to be lower for the 150 mg I/mL contrast medium than for the contrast media with higher iodine concentrations. CONCLUSION. Comparison of contrast media with iodine concentrations ranging from 150 to 370 mg I/mL showed that contrast enhancement was significantly improved with the use of 240 and 300 mg I/mL contrast media given a fixed identical iodine delivery and normalized total iodine load in a porcine model. Contrast media with a moderate iodine concentration are most suitable for obtaining the highest intravascular contrast enhancement in CT angiography.
Florian F Behrendt; Hubertus Pietsch; Gregor Jost; Moritz Palmowski; Rolf W Günther; Andreas H Mahnken
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  200     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1151-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
1 Department of Radiology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52074 Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia 52057, Germany.
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