Document Detail

Identification of European Allergy Patterns to the Allergen Families PR-10, LTP, and Profilin from Rosaceae Fruits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19851893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
High fruit intakes are associated with significant health benefits but fruit allergy sufferers may be discouraged from eating fruit due to the symptoms they experience. Knowledge about allergens involved in fruit allergy and the frequent cross-reactions to other allergens is essential to (a) design the best strategy for fruit allergy testing (b) prescribe optimal avoidance diets, and (c) design technological solutions for development of hypoallergenic fruits. The objective of this review was to investigate whether some characteristic disease entities could be identified in Europe for allergy to Rosaceae fruits. Five allergy patterns were found involving the allergen families PR-10, LTP, and profilin. In the Western Mediterranean area allergies to Rosaceae fruits are caused by monosensitization to LTP, monosensitization to profilin, or co-sensitization to both these allergens. On the contrary, monosensitization to PR-10 and, to a lesser degree, co-sensitization to profilin and PR-10 is dominant in Northern and Central Europe. LTP sensitization is present both in pollinosis and non-pollinosis patients and is associated with peach allergy in particular. The disease pattern for patients sensitized to profilin is characterized by several concomitant allergies including grass and other pollens, Rosaceae and non-Rosaceae fruits. Finally, PR-10 sensitization is primarily associated to concomitant birch pollen and apple allergy.
Maj-Britt Schmidt Andersen; Sharon Hall; Lars Ove Dragsted
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1559-0267     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Rev Allergy Immunol     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504368     Medline TA:  Clin Rev Allergy Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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