Document Detail


Ictal consciousness in epilepsy and nonepileptic attack disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20920893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exploration of subjective experiences during seizures may enhance knowledge of the differing natures of epilepsy and nonepileptic attack disorder (NEAD). We performed a quantitative evaluation of both the general level of awareness and the specific contents of consciousness during seizures using the Ictal Consciousness Inventory (ICI). Ninety-five adult outpatients attending general neuropsychiatry and epilepsy clinics with established diagnoses of either epilepsy (n = 66) or NEAD (n = 29) completed one ICI for each witnessed seizure recalled. Patients with a dubious/dual diagnosis were excluded. ICI Level (ICI-L) and ICI Content (ICI-L) scores were calculated for the 167 questionnaires generated by patients with epilepsy (n = 119, of which 58 from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, 14 frontal lobe epilepsy, and 47 idiopathic 30 generalized epilepsy) and patients with NEAD (n = 48). Mann-Whitney U tests revealed statistically significant higher ICI-L and ICI-C scores for patients with NEAD (both P = 0.01). Subjective reports of consciousness experiences varied between epilepsy and NEAD, with patients with NEAD reporting significantly greater levels of general awareness/responsiveness and more vivid subjective experiences during attacks. The ICI is proposed as a potentially useful self-report instrument to supplement clinical and instrumental tests for the differential diagnosis of epilepsy and NEAD.
Authors:
Fizzah Ali; Hugh Rickards; Manny Bagary; Lyn Greenhill; Doug McCorry; Andrea Eugenio Cavanna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epilepsy & behavior : E&B     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1525-5069     ISO Abbreviation:  Epilepsy Behav     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892858     Medline TA:  Epilepsy Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  522-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust and University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
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