Document Detail

Ictal SPECT of Thalamocortical Coupling in a Patient with Frontal Absence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22015435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Petit mal absence has been reported with 3-Hz generalized spike-and-wave discharges induced by secondary bilateral synchrony. Absence seizure may be present in patients with frontal lobe epilepsy. The thalamic rhythmogenic mechanisms responsible for spike-and-wave discharges have been investigated, providing a better understanding of the underlying anatomico-physiological mechanisms. We report the thalamocortical coupling in a patient with frontal absence by performing synchronous ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis. Ictal SPECT revealed thalamic hyperperfusion combined with ipsilateral frontal cortical hyperperfusion in the patient. Moreover, lateral indexes of cerebral blood flow in the frontal region and thalamus were higher than those from non-epileptic control subjects. Thalamocortical coupling was thus revealed by ictal SPECT. Frontal absences should be considered as a secondarily generalized epilepsy syndrome originating from the frontal regions. The thalamus may play a crucial role as a pacemaker of rhythmic electroencephalographic activities such as secondary bilateral synchronous discharges in patients with frontal absences.
H Kanemura; F Sano; K Sugita; M Aihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-1899     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101187     Medline TA:  Neuropediatrics     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Department of Pediatrics.
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