Document Detail

IVIG treatment for VZV-related acute inflammatory polyneuropathy in a child.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22814982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Acute inflammatory polyneuropathy is an inflammatory demyelinating disease triggered by an autoimmune mechanism. It follows an infection or an immunisation after a free interval of 2-30 days. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who develops an acute rapidly progressive paraplegia, urine incontinence and positive Lasegue a week after a characteristic chickenpox rash. Spinal MRI showed diffuse thickening and leptomeningeal enhancement of cauda equina nerve roots. Intravenous immunoglobulins were given and yielded a dramatic clinical and radiological improvement. The patient was discharged without any clinical problems 1 month after the onset of symptoms. We performed a review of the literature, discussing the different forms of varicella-zoster virus-related central and peripheral nervous system complications and management strategies for acute postinfectious encephalomyelitis/radiculitis.
Danilo Buonsenso; Benedetta Focarelli; Piero Valentini; Roberta Onesimo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ case reports     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  1757-790X     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ Case Rep     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526291     Medline TA:  BMJ Case Rep     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
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