Document Detail

HeartMate® II continuous-flow left ventricular assist system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21158536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have emerged as a beneficial therapeutic strategy proven to improve the morbidity and mortality of patients with advanced heart failure. Continuous-flow rotary LVADs have been developed in the hopes of delivering circulatory support in a more durable manner with fewer device-related complications. The HeartMate(®) II continuous-flow left ventricular assist system (LVAS; Thoratec Corporation, Pleasanton, CA, USA) has become the standard of care for heart failure patients who require long-term mechanical circulatory support. The efficacy of the HeartMate II has been demonstrated in patients where temporary support with an LVAD is needed until a suitable donor organ can be found for transplant (termed 'bridge to transplantation'), as well as for terminally-ill heart failure patients who are not candidates for transplant ('destination therapy'). When directly compared with a pulsatile LVAD, the implantation of a HeartMate II LVAS resulted in an overall improvement in survival with a reduction in the number of device-related complications and adverse events. The purpose of this article is threefold: to describe the history of the development of continuous-flow LVADs; to describe the technology of the HeartMate II; and, finally, to review the clinical outcomes in patients who have been implanted with the device.
Farooq H Sheikh; Stuart D Russell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of medical devices     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1745-2422     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Med Devices     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230445     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Med Devices     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 North Wolfe Street, Carnegie 568, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
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