Document Detail

IBD-related carcinoma and lymphoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21640928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Risk factors are extent and severity of colonic inflammation, concurrent primary sclerosing cholangitis, and a positive family history of sporadic CRC. The chromosomal instability, microsatellite instability and hypermethylation pathways form the molecular background of IBD-related carcinogenesis, which is not different from sporadic CRC. The dysplasia-carcinoma sequence of IBD-related colorectal carcinogenesis makes patients suitable for endoscopic surveillance. In the future, new molecular biomarkers and endoscopic techniques may improve early detection of precursor lesions of IBD-related CRC. The potential of aminosalicylates and ursodeoxycholic acid as chemopreventive agents needs to be studied in randomized clinical trials. Patients with IBD who are being treated with thiopurines have a slightly increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders, whereas patients with small bowel Crohn's disease have a high relative risk and a small absolute risk of developing small bowel adenocarcinoma.
M M H Claessen; P D Siersema; F P Vleggaar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology     Volume:  25 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1532-1916     ISO Abbreviation:  Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101120605     Medline TA:  Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S27-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
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