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Hysteroscopy after uterine fibroid embolization: Evaluation of intrauterine findings in 127 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22413922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  Several atypical hysteroscopy findings have been described in association with uterine artery embolization (UAE). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the types and frequency of these findings in the largest published series of patients. Material and Methods:  Premenopausal patients after bilateral UAE for symptomatic intramural fibroid underwent subsequent hysteroscopic examination 3-9 months following UAE. The uterine cavity was examined with focus on specific post-embolization changes. Biopsy of endometrium was obtained and evaluated together with a biopsy of abnormal foci if present. Results:  UAE was performed in a total of 127 women with an average size of dominant fibroid 63.1 mm in diameter and an average patient age of 35.1 years. Even though the majority of patients were asymptomatic at the time of hysteroscopy (78.0%), the post-embolization hysteroscopic examination was normal in only 51 patients (40.2%). The most frequent abnormalities included tissue necrosis (52 women, 40.9%), intracavitary myoma protrusion (45 women, 35.4%), endometrium 'spots' (22.1%), intrauterine synechiae (10.2%) and 'fistula' between the uterine cavity and intramural fibroid (6.3%). Histopathological examination showed normal, secretory or proliferative endometrium in 83.5% patients. Necrosis and/or hyalinization prevailed in the results of biopsy of abnormal loci (45 cases, 35.4%). Conclusion:  Frequency of abnormal hysteroscopic findings several months after UAE for primary intramural myomas is high. Alarmingly high is the percentage of patients with a histopathologically verified necrosis. Performing hysteroscopy in selected patients after UAE is necessary before eventual surgical re-intervention, especially in women with reproductive plans.
Authors:
Michal Mara; Petr Horak; Kristyna Kubinova; Pavel Dundr; Tomas Belsan; David Kuzel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1447-0756     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612761     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2012 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Institute of Pathology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General Faculty Hospital Department of Radiology, Central Military Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.
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